July 31, 2014 - Tropical Storm Matmo (10W) over China

Tropical Storm Matmo (10W) over China

On July 24, 2014 a weakening, but still extremely rainy, Tropical Storm Matmo was moving over southeastern China, causing flooding in Zhejiang, Fujian and Jiangxi provinces.

To best view the large storm, two true-color images – one from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA’s Terra satellite and one from the MODIS aboard the Aqua satellite – were captured on that same day and combined in a mosaic.

Over the times this image was captured, the cloudy center of the storm lingered over Fujian and Zhejiang provinces, while the rain bands stretched from Shanghai (north) to Zhanjiang (south) – a distance of over 700 mi (1,100 km). Rain was still falling over Taiwan, which had suffered landfall on its east coast on July 22. Near landfall, maximum sustained winds near 98 mph (158 km/h) were recorded on the east coast, making it a category one typhoon on the Saffir-Simpson hurricane wind scale. Early on July 23 Matmo made a second landfall on in Fujian province only slightly weaker, with maximum sustained winds near 85 mph (137 km/h). By July 26, Matmo had dissipated over inland China.

Matmo’s heavy rains brought significant agricultural damage to China and Taiwan. Taiwan has reported over 19.7 million dollars (US) in agricultural damage. The combined cost of Typhoons Matmo and Rammasun, which battered southeastern China in early July, was estimated near US 6 million. Matmo was also blamed as a factor in the crash of TransAsia Airway’s Flight 222 with loss of 48 lives.

Image Facts
Date Acquired: 7/24/2014
Resolutions: 1km ( B), 500m ( B), 250m ( B)
Bands Used: 1,4,3
Image Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC