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Zhang, YP, Jiang, LM, Qiu, YB, Wu, SL, Shi, JC, Zhang, LX (2010). Study of the Microwave Emissivity Characteristics over Different Land Cover Types. SPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS, 30(6), 1446-1451.

The microwave emissivity over land is very important for describing the characteristics of the lands, and it is also a key factor for retrieving the parameters of land and atmosphere. Different land covers have their emission behavior as a function of structure, water content, and surface roughness. In the present study the global land surface emissivities were calculated using six month (June, 2003-August, 2003, Dec, 2003-Feb, 2004) AMSR-E L2A brightness temperature, MONS land surface temperature and the layered atmosphere temperature, and humidity and pressure profiles data retrieved from MODIS/Aqua under clear sky conditions. With the information of IGBP land cover types, pure pixels were used, which are defined when the fraction cover of each land type is larger than 85 %. Then, the emissivity of sixteen land covers at different frequencies. polarization and their seasonal variation were analyzed respectively. The results show that the emissivity of vegetation including forests, grasslands and croplands is higher than that over bare soil, and the polarization difference of vegetation is smaller than that of bare soil. In summer, the emissivity of vegetation is relatively stable because it is in bloom, therefore the authors can use it as its emissivity in our microwave emissivity database over different land cover types. Furthermore, snow cover can heavily impact the change in land cover emissivity, especially in winter.



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