Gao, Y, Xie, HJ, Lu, N, Yao, TD, Liang, TG (2010). Toward advanced daily cloud-free snow cover and snow water equivalent products from Terra-Aqua MODIS and Aqua AMSR-E measurements. JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, 385(4-Jan), 23-35.
By taking advantage of the high spatial resolution of optical sensors and cloud penetration of a passive microwave sensor, a method is developed to generate new daily cloud-free snow cover (SC) and snow water equivalent (SWE) products, both in 500 m spatial resolution, utilizing daily Terra-Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Aqua Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer for NASA's Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) snow products. This method was tested in Fairbanks and Upper Susitna Valley, Alaska area for one hydrological year (October 2006-September 2007). The results confirm that daily MODIS products and Terra-Aqua MODIS combined products have similar and high classification accuracy (91-94%) in cloud-free conditions and that the daily combination can reduce cloud cover similar to 10%. The results also show the snow accuracy of the new SC products is 86%, which is much higher than the 31%, 45%, and 49% of the Terra, Aqua, and Terra/Aqua combined snow cover products (in all weather conditions), respectively. The validation demonstrates that the accuracy of AMSR-E SWE products is 68.5% and they tend to overestimate SWE. Redistribution of SWE, based on sub-pixel analysis of AMSR-E pixels, not only generates the new product at higher spatial resolution, now more suitable for basin and regional monitoring and modeling, but also slightly increases the accuracy of the SWE estimations. This method can also be used in merging other optical data such as AVHRR, Landsat with passive microwave data such as SSMR, SSM/I, and for future NPP and NPOESS missions. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.