Christopher, SA, Jones, TA (2010). Satellite and surface-based remote sensing of Saharan dust aerosols. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 114(5), 1002-1007.
The spatial and temporal characteristics of dust aerosols and their properties are assessed from satellite and ground-based sensors. The spatial distribution of total column aerosol optical depth at 550 nm (AOD) from the Moderate Resolution Imaging SpectroRacho meter (MODIS) coupled with top of atmosphere Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) shortwave fluxes are examined from the Terra satellite over the Atlantic Ocean. These data are then compared with ACID from two Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) ground-based sun photometer measurement sites for nearly six years (2000-2005). These two sites include Capo Verde (CV) (16 degrees N, 24 degrees W) near the Saharan dust source region and La Paguera (LP) (18 degrees N, 67 degrees W) that is downwind of the dust source regions. The AOD is two to three times higher during spring and summer months over CV when compared to LP and the surrounding regions. For a unit ACID value, the instantaneous TOA shortwave direct radiative effect (DRE) defined as the change in shortwave flux between clear and aerosol skies for CV and LP are -53 and -68 Wm(-2) respectively. DIRE for LP is likely more negative due to fall out of larger particles during transport from CV to LP. However, separating the CERES-derived DIRE by MODIS aerosol effective radii was difficult. Satellite and ground-based dust aerosol data sets continue to be useful to understand dust processes related to the surface and the atmosphere. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.