Sano, I, Mukai, M, Iguchi, N, Mukai, S (2010). "Suspended particulate matter sampling at an urban AERONET site in Japan, part 2: relationship between column aerosol optical thickness and PM2.5 concentration". JOURNAL OF APPLIED REMOTE SENSING, 4, 43504.
The concentration of suspended particulate matter smaller than 2.5 mu m (PM2.5) was linearly correlated with the column aerosol optical thickness (AOT) based on simultaneous measurements at a NASA/AERONET station at Kinki University Campus, Higashi-Osaka, Japan, between March 2004 and June 2006. The correlation coefficient differed with the aerosol type, being maximal when PM2.5 values were measured 120 minutes after AOT data for a dust episode, but almost independent of the time difference between measurements for anthropogenic aerosols. The obtained results were validated using data obtained at the Higashi-Osaka and Noto sites. Our results suggest that the PM2.5 mass concentration can be estimated from the AOT, and vice versa, and hence a distribution map of PM2.5 can be produced from the satellite-derived AOT map determined from the Aqua/MODIS sensor.