Muskett, RR, Lingle, CS, Sauber, JM, Post, AS, Tangborn, WV, Rabus, BT, Echelmeyer, KA (2009). "Airborne and spaceborne DEM- and laser altimetry-derived surface elevation and volume changes of the Bering Glacier system, Alaska, USA, and Yukon, Canada, 1972-2006". JOURNAL OF GLACIOLOGY, 55(190), 316-326.
Using airborne and spaceborne high-resolution digital elevation models and laser altimetry, we present estimates of interannual and multi-decadal surface elevation changes on the Bering Glacier system, Alaska, USA, and Yukon, Canada, from 1972 to 2006. We find: (1) the rate of lowering during 1972-95 was 0.9 +/- 0.1 m a(-1); (2) this rate accelerated to 3.0 +/- 0.7 m a(-1) during 1995-2000; and (3) during 2000-03 the lowering rate was 1.5 +/- 0.4 m a(-1). From 1972 to 2003, 70% of the area of the system experienced a volume loss of 191 +/- 17 km(3), which was an area-average surface elevation lowering of 1.7 +/- 0.2 m a(-1). From November 2004 to November 2006, surface elevations across Bering Glacier, from McIntosh Peak on the south to Waxell Ridge on the north, rose as much as 53 m. Up-glacier on Bagley Ice Valley about 10 km east of juniper Island nunatak, surface elevations lowered as much as 28 m from October 2003 to October 2006. NASA Terra/MODIS observations from May to September 2006 indicated muddy outburst floods from the Bering terminus into Vitus Lake. This suggests basal-englacial hydrologic storage changes were a contributing factor in the surface elevation changes in the fall of 2006.