Guo, JP, Zhang, XY, Che, HZ, Gong, SL, An, XQ, Cao, CX, Guang, J, Zhang, H, Wang, YQ, Zhang, XC, Xue, M, Li, XW (2009). Correlation between PM concentrations and aerosol optical depth in eastern China. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 43(37), 5876-5886.
Using one year of Aerosol Optical Depth (ADD) derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the Terra satellite and particular matter (PM) contents measured at eleven sites located mostly in the eastern China in 2007, the relationship between columnar AOD and hourly and daily average (DA) PM were established. The peak AOD observed from MODIS was generally consistent with the surface PM measurements in eastern China, where Zhengzhou had the maximum annual mean PM10 of 182.1 mu g m(-3), while Longfengshan had the minimum annual mean of 38.1 mu g m(-3). Ground level observations indicated that PM concentration varies widely across different regions, which was mainly due to the difference in weather conditions and anthropogenic emissions. The coarse particles accounted for the main air pollution in Zhengzhou and Benxi whiles the fine particles, however, were the main constituents in other sites. Results showed that MODIS AOD (averaged over the box of 5 x 5 and 3 x 3 pixels) had a better positive correlation with the coincident hourly average (HA) PM concentration than with DA due to diurnal variation in PM mass measurements. After correcting AOD for relative humidity (RH), the correlation did not improve significantly, suggesting that the RH was not the main factor affecting the correlation of PM with AOD. The statistical regression analysis between MODIS AOD and PM mass suggested that the satellite-derived AOD is a useful tool for mapping PM distribution over large spatial domains. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.