Glantz, P, Kokhanovsky, A, von Hoyningen-Huene, W, Johansson, C (2009). Estimating PM2.5 over southern Sweden using space-borne optical measurements. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT, 43(36), 5838-5846.
in the present study Bremen aerosol retrieval (BAER) columnar aerosol optical thickness (ACT) data, according to moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) and medium resolution imaging sensor (MERIS) level 1 calibrated satellite data, have been compared with ACT data obtained with the MODIS and MERIS retrieval algorithms (NASA and ESA, respectively) and by AErosol Robotic NETwork (AERONET). Relatively good agreement is found between these different instruments and algorithms. The R-2 and relative RMSD were 0.86 and 31% for MODIS when comparing with AERONET and 0.92 and 21% for MERIS. The aerosols investigated were influenced by low relative humidity. During this period, a relatively large range of aerosol loadings were detected; from continental background aerosol to particles emitted from agricultural fires. In this study, empirical relationships between BAER columnar AOT and ground-measured PM2.5 have been estimated. Linear relationships, with R-2 values of 0.58 and 0.59, were obtained according to MERIS and MODIS data, respectively. The slopes of the regression of ACT versus PM2.5 are lower than previous studies, but this could easily be explained by considering the effect of hygroscopic growth. The present AOT-PM2.5 relationship has been applied on MERIS full resolution data over the urban area of Stockholm and the results have been compared with particle mass concentrations from dispersion model calculations. it seems that the satellite data with the 300 m resolution can resolve the expected increased concentrations due to emissions along the main highways close to the city. Significant uncertainties in the spatial distribution of PM2.5 across land/ocean boundaries were particularly evident when analyzing the high resolution satellite data. (C) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.