Chen, RY, Wood, R, Li, ZQ, Ferraro, R, Chang, FL (2008). Studying the vertical variation of cloud droplet effective radius using ship and space-borne remote sensing data. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 113, D00A02.
 The albedo of marine stratocumuli depends upon cloud liquid water content, droplet effective radius ( re), and how these parameters vary with height. Using satellite data and shipborne data from the East Pacific Investigation of Climate ( EPIC) Stratocumulus Study, this study investigates the cloud re vertical variation for drizzling and nondrizzling clouds. Visible/ near- infrared retrievals from the NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ( MODIS) are used to estimate the vertical profile of re. MODIS re observations and collocated shipborne scanning C- band precipitation radar data show that re generally increases with height in nondrizzling clouds, consistent with aircraft observations. It is found that in clouds with precipitation rates greater than a few hundredths of a mm h 1 the vertical gradient of re is significantly less than that in nondrizzling clouds and can become negative when the drizzle is heavier than approximately 0.1 mm h 1. High values of re at drizzling cloud base are consistent with estimates of the ratio of liquid water in the drizzle drops to that in the cloud droplets. C- band derived cloud base precipitation rates are found to be better correlated with re at cloud base than with re at cloud top, suggesting that passive remote sensing may be useful for drizzle detection.