Khlopenkov, KV, Trishchenko, AP (2008). Implementation and evaluation of concurrent gradient search method for reprojection of MODIS level 1B imagery. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 46(7), 2016-2027.
This paper presents details regarding implementation of a novel algorithm for reprojection of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Level 1B imagery. The method is based on a simultaneous 2-D search in latitude and longitude geolocation fields by using their local gradients. Due to the segmented. structure of MODIS imagery caused by the instrument whiskbroom electrooptical design, the gradient search is realized in the following two steps: intersegment and intrasegment search. This approach resolves the discontinuity of the latitude/longitude geolocation fields caused by overlap between consecutively scanned MODIS multidetector image segments. The structure of the algorithm allows equal efficiency with nearest neighbor and bilinear interpolation. A special procedure that combines analytical and numerical schemes is designed for re-projecting imagery near the polar region, where the standard gradient search may become unstable. The performance of the method was validated by comparison of reprojected MODIS/Terra and MODIS/Aqua images with georectified Landsat-7 Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus imagery over Canada. It was found that the proposed method preserves the absolute geolocation accuracy of MODIS pixels determined by the MODIS geolocation team. The method was implemented to reproject MODIS Level 1B imagery over Canada, North America, and Arctic circumpolar zone in the following four popular geographic projections: Plate Care (cylindrical equidistant), Lambert Conic Conformal, Universal Transverse Mercator, and Lambert Azimuthal Equal-Area. It was also found to be efficient for reprojection of Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer and Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer satellite images and general-type meteorological fields, such as the North American Regional Reanalysis data sets.