Ayash, T, Gong, SL, Jia, CQ, Huang, P, Zhao, TL, Lavoue, D (2008). Global modeling of multicomponent aerosol species: Aerosol optical parameters. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 113(D12), D12203.
Canadian Aerosol Module (CAM) has been developed to simulate the atmospheric cycling of principal aerosol species, with the Third Generation Canadian Climate Center General Circulation Model (CCC GCM III) as its climatological driver. Adding an aerosol optical module to this modeling framework, the optical parameters of aerosols are simulated and compared to Sun photometer (AERONET) and satellite (MODIS) observations, as well as lidar observations of aerosol vertical profiles. The model captures well the global distribution and seasonal variation of aerosol optical parameters, showing seasonal maxima of optical depth and absorption over desert and biomass-burning regions. For most sites and months, the modeled optical depths are within MODIS and AERONET means and standard deviations, and modeled single-scattering albedo (SSA) and asymmetry factor are within 10% of AERONET retrievals. Fairly good agreement is found between modeled and observed optical depths over tropical oceans, where most models show significant underestimation. The model's overestimation of observed optical depths over parts of Europe by about 0.1 is most likely due to overestimates by older emission inventories. Modeled optical depths and SSA above observed means and standard deviations over areas and at sites within Central Africa and Central and South America suggest overprediction of organic carbon contribution by the model. Common to other models, however, our simulations underestimate the strength of the tropical biomass burning season. Modeled aerosol vertical profiles show better agreement with lidar observations at European sites than at an East Asian site, and more so at upper than at lower altitudes.