Stammes, P, Sneep, M, De Haan, JF, Veefkind, JP, Wang, P, Levelt, PF (2008). Effective cloud fractions from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument: Theoretical framework and validation. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 113(D16), D16S38.
The Dutch-Finnish Ozone Monitoring Instrument ( OMI) on board NASA's EOS-Aura satellite is measuring ozone, NO2, and other trace gases with daily global coverage. To correct these trace gas retrievals for the presence of clouds, there are two OMI cloud products, based on different physical processes, namely, absorption by O-2-O-2 at 477 nm ( OMCLDO2) and rotational Raman scattering ( RRS) in the UV ( OMCLDRR). Both cloud products use a Lambertian cloud model with albedo 0.8 and contain the effective ( i.e., radiometric) cloud fraction and the cloud pressure. First, the theoretical framework for the Lambertian cloud model is given and the concept of effective cloud fraction is discussed. Next, an intercomparison of the effective cloud fractions from both products is presented, as well as a comparison with MODIS cloud data. It is shown that the O-2-O-2 and RRS effective cloud fractions correlate very well ( 95%) but that there is an offset of about 0.10. From MODIS geometric cloud fraction and cloud optical thickness data a MODIS effective cloud fraction was calculated. The effective cloud fractions from OMCLDO2 and MODIS show a high correlation of 92% with a very small offset ( 0.01). In order to guide users, a summary of the validation status of effective cloud fraction and cloud pressure from the OMCLDO2 and OMCLDRR cloud products is presented.