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Fang, HL, Liang, SL, Hoogenboom, G, Teasdale, J, Cavigelli, M (2008). Corn-yield estimation through assimilation of remotely sensed data into the CSM-CERES-Maize model. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 29(10), 3011-3032.

One of the applications of crop simulation models is to estimate crop yield during the current growing season. Several studies have tried to integrate crop simulation models with remotely sensed data through data-assimilation methods. This approach has the advantage of allowing reinitialization of model parameters with remotely sensed observations to improve model performance. In this study, the Cropping System Model-CERES-Maize was integrated with the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) leaf area index (LAI) products for estimating corn yield in the state of Indiana, USA. This procedure, inversion of crop simulation model, facilitates several different user input modes and outputs a series of agronomic and biophysical parameters, including crop yield. The estimated corn yield in 2000 compared reasonably well with the US Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service statistics for most counties. Using the seasonal LAI in the optimization procedure produced the best results compared with only the green-up LAIs or the highest LAI values. Planting, emergence and maturation dates, and N fertilizer application rates were also estimated at a regional level. Further studies will include investigating model uncertainties and using other MODIS products, such as the enhanced vegetation index.



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