Wang, Y, Sun, G, Liao, M, Gong, J (2008). "Using MODIS images to examine the surface extents and variations derived from the DEM and laser altimeter data in the Danjiangkou Reservoir, China". INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 29(1), 293-311.
We used publicly available digital spatial datasets to study the area extents and their horizontal variations of two water bodies within the Danjiangkou Reservoir, China. Between 2003 and 2005, the water levels varied from 140 to 149 m above mean sea level as measured by the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System (GLAS). Detailed procedures to derive the horizontal extents and variations from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) digital elevation model (DEM) coupled with GLAS data and to verify the extents and variations spatially were provided. For the water bodies on the north and west, the surface water extents derived from four MODIS images varied between 174 and 218 km(2) and from 96 to 135 km(2), respectively. The extents by inundating the DEM using the GLAS data were 178-212 km(2) for the water body on the north and 104-118 km(2) for the water body on the west. The spatial verifications of surface water extents derived from the MODIS images versus DEM coupled with GLAS data agreed 83-93%. Within the ring areas between water/land boundaries at elevations of 140 and 147 m, and 140 and 149 m, the spatial agreement was 52-75%.