Mao, KB, Shi, JC, Li, ZL, Qin, ZH, Li, MC, Xu, B (2007). A physics-based statistical algorithm for retrieving land surface temperature from AMSR-E passive microwave data. SCIENCE IN CHINA SERIES D-EARTH SCIENCES, 50(7), 1115-1120.
AMSR-E and MODIS are two EOS (Earth Observing System) instruments on board the Aqua satellite. A regression analysis between the brightness of all AMSR-E bands and the MODIS land surface temperature product indicated that the 89 GHz vertical polarization is the best single band to retrieve land surface temperature. According to simulation analysis with AIEM, the difference of different frequencies can eliminate the influence of water in soil and atmosphere, and also the surface roughness partly. The analysis results indicate that the radiation mechanism of surface covered snow is different from others. In order to retrieve land surface temperature more accurately, the land surface should be at least classified into three types: water covered surface, snow covered surface, and non-water and non-snow covered land surface. In order to improve the practicality and accuracy of the algorithm, we built different equations for different ranges of temperature. The average land surface temperature error is about 2-3 degrees C relative to the MODIS LST product.