Seiz, G, Tjemkes, S, Watts, P (2007). Multiview cloud-top height and wind retrieval with photogrammetric methods: Application to Meteosat-8 HRV observations. JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY, 46(8), 1182-1195.
The European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) currently operates three geostationary satellites: Meteosat-5, Meteosat-7, and Meteosat-8. Observations by Meteosat-5 can be combined with observations from either Meteosat-7 or Meteosat-8 to allow geostationary stereo height retrievals within the overlap area over the Indian Ocean and east Africa. This paper aims to demonstrate the capabilities of the geostationary stereophotogrammetric cloud-top height retrieval - in particular, with the new high-resolution visible channel (HRV) of Meteosat-8. Conceived as a proof-of-concept study, the retrieval was limited to four distinct cloud areas in northeast Africa. The effects of the geolocation, spatial resolution, satellite position, and acquisition time on the cloud-top height accuracy were studied. It is demonstrated that the matching accuracy is sensitive to the acquisition-time difference and spatial resolution. As a result, there is only a marginal benefit from the good spatial resolution offered by the Meteosat-8 HRV channel because of the low spatial resolution of Meteosat-5 and the poor time synchronization between the observations of the two satellites. On the contrary, the good time synchronization between Meteosat-5 and Meteosat-7 observations offsets the errors in the height assignment resulting from the relatively coarse spatial resolution, if the geolocation accuracy is locally enhanced with additional landmarks from higher-resolution images. With the geolocation correction and the newly implemented time information in the Meteosat-5 and - 7 header information, the stereo cloud-top height assignment for the Meteosat-5/-7 and Meteosat-5/-8 HRV combination resulted in about the same accuracy of approximately +/- 1 km. For the Meteosat-5/-8 HRV combination, the time differences of up to 7.5 min preclude higher accuracy. To validate the cloud-top heights, observations by the Multiangle Imaging Spectroradiometer (MISR) and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ( MODIS) were used.