Muramatsu, K, Xiong, Y, Nakayama, S, Ochiai, F, Daigo, M, Hirata, M, Oishi, K, Bolortsetseg, B, Oyunbaatar, D, Kaihotsu, I (2007). A new vegetation index derived from the pattern decomposition method applied to Landsat-7/ETM+ images in Mongolia. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 28(16), 3493-3511.
The goal of this study was to estimate vegetation coverage and map the land-cover in an experimental field (60660 km) near Mandalgobi, Mongolia using Landsat-7/ETM+ data for ground truthing in the Advanced Earth Observing Satellite II (ADEOS-II) Mongolian Plateau Experiment (AMPEX). We measured soil moisture, vegetation coverage, and vegetation moisture in the field at 49 grid points around the time that the Aqua satellite passed over the area. We also surveyed the land-cover in the field. Using ground-based data and characteristics of spectral reflectance, we attempted to extract vegetation information from satellite data using the pattern decomposition method, which is a type of spectral mixture analysis. This method uses normalized spectral shapes as endmembers, which do not change between scenes. We defined an index using the pattern decomposition coefficients to analyse sparsely vegetated areas. The index showed a linear relationship with vegetation coverage. The vegetation coverage was estimated for the study site, and the average coverage at the site was 21.4%. Land-cover types were classified using the index and the pattern decomposition coefficients; the kappa coefficient was 0.75. The index was useful for estimating vegetation coverage and land-cover mapping for semiarid areas.