Koltunov, A, Ustin, SL (2007). Early fire detection using non-linear multitemporal prediction of thermal imagery. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 110(1), 18-28.
This paper presents a sub-pixel thermal anomaly detection method based on predicting background pixel intensities using a non-linear function of a plurality of past images of the inspected scene. At present, the multitemporal approach to thermal anomaly detection is in its early development stage. In case of space-borne surveillance the multitemporal detection is complicated by both spatial and temporal variability of background surface properties, weather influences, viewing geometries, sensor noise, residual misregistration, and other factors. We use the problem of fire detection and the MODIS data to demonstrate that advanced multitemporal detection methods can potentially outperform the operationally used optimized contextual algorithms both under morning and evening conditions. (c) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.