Kotchenova, SY, Vermote, EF (2007). Validation of a vector version of the 6S radiative transfer code for atmospheric correction of satellite data. Part II. Homogeneous Lambertian and anisotropic surfaces. APPLIED OPTICS, 46(20), 4455-4464.
This is the second part of the validation effort of the recently developed vector version of the 6S (Second Simulation of a Satellite Signal in the Solar Spectrum) radiative transfer code (6SV1), primarily used for the calculation of look-up tables in the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) atmospheric correction algorithm. The 6SV1 code was tested against a Monte Carlo code and Coulson's tabulated values for molecular and aerosol atmospheres bounded by different Lambertian and anisotropic surfaces. The code was also tested in scalar mode against the scalar code SHARM to resolve the previous 6S accuracy issues in the case of an anisotropic surface. All test cases were characterized by good agreement between the 6SV1 and the other codes: The overall relative error did not exceed 0.8%. The study also showed that ignoring the effects of radiation polarization in the atmosphere led to large errors in the simulated top-of-atmosphere reflectances: The maximum observed error was approximately 7.2% for both Lambertian and anisotropic surfaces. (C) 2007 Optical Society of America.