Susaki, J, Yasuoka, Y, Kajiwara, K, Honda, Y, Hara, K (2007). Validation of MODIS albedo products of paddy fields in Japan. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 45(1), 206-217.
A study was conducted in Chiba, Japan, to validate Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) albedo products by taking the field measurements of shortwave band albedos in paddy fields. A large difference in spatial scale, from field-measured point data to 1-km resolution, complicates the validation process. To assess such effect of different spatial scales, Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) data were used. Spatial scale effects on the albedo were examined from three viewpoints: 1) comparison between point-based albedo and mean of albedo in homogeneous area; 2) comparison between point-based albedo and 1-km aggregated albedo; and 3) assessment of semivariogram of albedo in homogeneous area. In implementation of viewpoint 2), Liang's regression model was applied to convert ASTER reflectance into shortwave band albedo. The I-km ASTER albedo was estimated using the point spread function, and in the same manner, I-km ETM+ albedo was estimated. All results represent that an area around the measurement site can be assumed to be homogeneous, indicating negligible effects of spatial resolution difference during most of the periods. Comparison of ground-point-based albedos with MODIS actual albedo, estimated from MODIS black-sky albedo, white-sky albedo, and a fraction of diffuse skylight, showed that the accuracy of MODIS albedo products for paddy fields in Japan is within approximately 0.026 by absolute value (root-mean-square error) and 15.1% by relative value.