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Brindley, HE, Ignatov, A (2006). Retrieval of mineral aerosol optical depth and size information from Meteosat Second Generation SEVIRI solar reflectance bands. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 102(4-Mar), 344-363.

The current operational algorithm used to retrieve aerosol optical depth and Angstrom exponent over ocean from the solar reflectance bands of the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) flown onboard NOAA polar orbiting satellites was adapted to the corresponding channels of the Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infra-Red Imager (SEVIRI) flown onboard the Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) geostationary platform. By examining two specific dust events from 3-5 March and 12-13 October 2004 we show how a detailed description of the dust loading through the diurnal cycle can be obtained. Snapshot comparisons with spatially resolved retrievals from the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) instruments flown on the Terra and Aqua polar platforms show qualitative agreement with SEVIRI retrievals. In addition to the generic aerosol model used in the NOAA/NESDIS algorithm, which was tuned to optimize retrievals over global ocean, three microphysical models, specifically proposed in the aerosol literature for desert dust, have also been tested. However, comparison of the diurnal variation seen in these SEVIRI retrievals with available ground based Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) observations from two coastal stations suggests that the phase functions associated with two of these dust representations, obtained under the assumption of particle sphericity, result in unrealistic time dependent behaviour. This tendency is removed when either the generic aerosol representation used in the NOAA/NESDIS algorithm is employed, or a more physically based non-spherical dust representation is used. (c) 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.



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