Leblanc, MJ, Leduc, C, Stagnitti, F, van Oevelen, PJ, Jones, C, Mofor, LA, Razack, M, Favreau, G (2006). "Evidence for Megalake Chad, north-central Africa, during the late Quaternary from satellite data". PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, 230(4-Mar), 230-242.
The existence of a very large Lake Chad during the late Quaternary, Megalake Chad, has long been questioned. A Megalake Chad would present strong evidence for climatic fluctuations of great magnitude during the Holocene in tropical Africa. In this paper we used satellite data from Landsat and Modis sensors to collect and analyse new information on landforms in a 2 000 000 km(2) region of the Lake Chad Basin. We detected 2300 km of remains marking the ancient shoreline of Megalake Chad. The satellite data also indicated many Saharan rivers and relict deltas leading to the long paleoshoreline. Large dunefield flattenings were observed and interpreted as the result of wave-cut erosion by the paleolake. Similarities were noticed between the landforms observed along the paleoshoreline of Megalake Chad and that of the former Aral Sea. This finding has significant consequences for reconstructing paleohydrology and paleoenvironments through the Lake Chad basin, and continental climate change. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.