Chang, FL, Li, ZQ (2005). A new method for detection of cirrus overlapping water clouds and determination of their optical properties. JOURNAL OF THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES, 62(11), 3993-4009.
The frequent occurrence of high cirrus overlapping low water cloud poses a major challenge in retrieving their optical properties from spaceborne sensors. This paper presents a novel retrieval method that takes full advantage of the satellite data from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ( MODIS). The main objectives are identification of overlapped high cirrus and low water clouds and determination of their individual optical depths, top heights, and emissivities. The overlapped high cloud top is determined from the MODIS CO2-slicing retrieval and the underlying low cloud top is determined from the neighboring MODIS pixels that are identified as single-layer low clouds. The algorithm applies a dual-layer cloud radiative transfer model using initial cloud properties derived from the MODIS CO2-slicing channels and the visible ( 0.65 mu m) and infrared ( 11 mu m) window channels. An automated iterative procedure follows by adjusting the high cirrus and low water cloud optical depths until computed radiances from the dual-layer model match with observed radiances from both the visible and infrared channels. The algorithm is valid for both single-layer and dual-layer clouds with the cirrus optical depth