Tonooka, H (2005). Inflight straylight analysis for ASTER thermal infrared bands. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 43(12), 2752-2762.
The Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) instrument was launched into Earth orbit on the Terra platform in late 1999. ASTER produces images of the Earth in 14 spectral bands including five bands in the thermal infrared (TIR) part of the electromagnetic spectrum (8-12 mu m). On one occasion ASTER was used to image the Moon as part of the long-term calibration strategy for instruments on the Terra platform. Analysis of the imagery revealed that the TIR band had noticeable straylight effects (ghosting), and an algorithm was developed to correct for these effects. The algorithm was applied to ASTER/TIR images acquired over a vicarious calibration (VC) site at Cold Springs Reservoir (CSR), NV. Data from CSR had been evaluated in three previous VC experiments and showed large unexplained differences between the ASTER image radiance and vicarious predicted radiance not observed in other larger, more laterally homogenous sites. After straylight correction the vicarious and image radiances were in good agreement. A further comparison with nearly simultaneous airborne TIR data acquired with the MOWS/ASTER (MASTER) sensor indicated that the ASTER straylight corrected data also agreed with the airborne data. Finally, the algorithm was applied to artificially created models. The results indicated that a radiance change caused by straylight reached 6% to 8% of a radiance contrast for a smaller square target than 10 x 10 pixels or a narrower line target than five pixels. Straylight in ASTER/TIR imagery may not be very large for most targets, but may become an error factor for high-radiance-contrast targets.