Pinkerton, MH, Richardson, KM, Boyd, PW, Gall, MP, Zeldis, J, Oliver, MD, Murphy, RJ (2005). Intercomparison of ocean colour band-ratio algorithms for chlorophyll concentration in the Subtropical Front east of New Zealand. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 97(3), 382-402.
This study intercompared the performance of eight band-ratio chlorophyll-a algorithms which together can be used to process measurements from the ocean colour satellite sensors CZCS, OCTS, SeaWiFS, MODIS, MERIS, and GLI. The study area included Subtropical, Subtropical Front and Subantarctic waters cast of New Zealand, and Case I waters of the New Zealand northeast continental shelf Over 170 co-incident measurements of spectral normalised water-leaving radiance and near-surface concentration of chlorophyll-a were made on nine research voyages between 1998 and 2000. The studentised bootstrap method was used to identify statistically significant bias in algorithm products relative to in situ measurements. The band-ratio algorithms used by CZCS, OCTS and SeaWiFS missions systematically underestimated chlorophyll-a concentration in the offshore regions by between 21% and 45%, but showed no systematic bias in the continental shelf waters. The band-ratio algorithms applicable to the MODIS and MERIS sensors had no clear bias with respect to in situ measurements in offshore waters, but had a positive bias of 20% over the continental shelf The proposed GLI band-ratio algorithm led to estimates that were negatively biased with respect to in situ measurement offshore (- 30%), and positively biased over the continental shelf (20%). The results were consistent with unusually high values of absorption in the blue part of the spectrum (443-490 nm) compared to the green part (similar to 550 nm) by phytoplankton pigments in the offshore waters, and high chlorophyll-specific absorption over the continental shelf. (C) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.