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Dall'Olmo, G, Gitelson, AA, Rundquist, DC, Leavitt, B, Barrow, T, Holz, JC (2005). Assessing the potential of SeaWiFS and MODIS for estimating chlorophyll concentration in turbid productive waters using red and near-infrared bands. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 96(2), 176-187.

Bio-optical algorithms for remote estimation of chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl) in case-1 waters exploit the upwelling radiation in the blue and green spectral regions. In turbid productive waters other constituents, that vary independently of Chl, absorb and scatter light in these spectral regions. As a consequence, the accurate estimation of Chl in turbid productive waters has so far not been feasible from satellite sensors. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent to which near-infrared (NIR) to red reflectance ratios could be applied to the Sea Wide Field-of-View Sensor (ScaWiFS) and the Moderate Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) to estimate (Chl in productive turbid waters. To achieve this objective, remote-sensing reflectance spectra and relevant water constituents were collected in 25 1 stations over takes and reservoirs with a wide variability in optical parameters (i.e. 4 <= Chl <= 240 mg m (3): 18 <= Seechi disk depth <= 308 cm), SeaWiFS and MODIS NIR and red reflectances were simulated by using the in-situ hyperspectral data. The proposed algorithms predicted Chl with a relative random uncertainty of approximately 28% (average bias between -1% and -41%), Tile effects of reflectance uncertainties on the predicted Chl were also analyzed. It was found that, for realistic ranges of R-cs uncertainties, Chl could be estimated with a precision better than 40% and an accuracy better than +/- 35%. These findings imply that, provided that an atmospheric correction scheme specific for the red-NIR spectral region is available, the extensive database of SeaWiFS and MODIS images Could be used to quantitatively monitor Chl in turbid productive waters. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.



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