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Hazarika, MK, Yasuoka, Y, Ito, A, Dye, D (2005). Estimation of net primary productivity by integrating remote sensing data with an ecosystem model. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 94(3), 298-310.

This paper describes a method for integrating leaf area index (LAI) derived from remote sensing data with an ecosystem model for accurate estimation of net primary productivity (NPP). The ecosystem model used in this study was Sim-CYCLE, with which LAI retrieved from the data acquired by MODIS sensor (MODIS-LAI) was integrated. Global annual NPP was estimated as 59.6 Gt C year(-1) by MOD-Sim-CYCLE (Sim-CYCLE after integration of MODIS-LAI), whereas it was 62.7 Gt C year(-1) in case of Sim-CYCLE for the year 2001. Both models predicted highest NPP around the equator with another smaller peak occurring around 60degreesN. These two regions represented the tropical and boreal forests biomes, respectively. The NPP estimated by MOD-Sim-CYCLE exceeded the NPP estimated by Sim-CYCLE in these two regions. Other than the tropical and boreal forests biomes, NPP values estimated by the MOD-Sim-CYCLE were typically lower than Sim-CYCLE across the latitudes. Validations of results in Australia and USA showed that MOD-Sim-CYCLE estimated NPP more accurately than Sim-CYCLE. Our results demonstrate the utility of combining satellite-observation with an ecosystem process model to achieve improved accuracy in estimates and monitoring global net primary productivity. (C) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.



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