Shabanov, NV, Wang, Y, Buermann, W, Dong, J, Hoffman, S, Smith, GR, Tian, Y, Knyazikhin, Y, Myneni, RB (2003). Effect of foliage spatial heterogeneity in the MODIS LAI and FPAR algorithm over broadleaf forests. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 85(4), 410-423.
This paper presents the analysis of radiative transfer assumptions underlying moderate resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) leaf area index (LAI) and fraction of photosynthetically active radiation (FPAR) algorithm for the case of spatially heterogeneous broadleaf forests. Data collected by a Boston University research group during the July 2000 field campaign at the Earth Observing System (EOS) core validation site, Harvard Forest, MA, were used for this purpose. The analysis covers three themes. First, the assumption of wavelength independence of spectral invariants of transport equation, central to the parameterization of the MODIS LAI and FPAR algorithm, is evaluated. The physical interpretation of those parameters is given and an approach to minimize the uncertainties in its retrievals is proposed. Second, the theoretical basis of the algorithm was refined by introducing stochastic concepts which account for the effect of foliage clumping and discontinuities on LAI retrievals. Third, the effect of spatial heterogeneity in FPAR was analyzed and compared to FPAR variation due to diurnal changes in solar zenith angle (SZA) to asses the validity of its static approximation. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.