Li, XW, Gao, F, Wang, JD, Yang, H, Strahler, A, Schaaf, C (2002). Bi-directional normalized difference vegetation index: concept and application. PROGRESS IN NATURAL SCIENCE, 12(2), 115-119.
The data products of land surface bi-directional reflectance distribution function (BRDF) from the space-borne Polarization and Directionality of the Earth Reflectance (POLDER) of France and the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) of USA are available recently, but the atmospheric correction for meeting the requirement of quantitative remote sensing is still a very difficult problem. This paper presents a concept: bi-directional normalized difference vegetation index (Bi-NDVI), in order to consider simultaneously the effects of both land surface BRDF and atmospheric path scattering. An atmospheric quality index is thus defined for satellite multi-angular observations. The quality of MODIS/BRDF data products can be improved notably through iterative inversion weighed by this index.