Binding, CE; Jerome, JH; Bukata, RP; Booty, WG (2010). Suspended particulate matter in Lake Erie derived from MODIS aquatic colour imagery. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 31(19), 5239-5255.
This paper explores the use of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) wavebands in the red/near-infra-red for estimating concentrations of suspended particulate matter (SPM) in the moderately turbid, optically complex waters of Lake Erie. Observations show that at wavelengths shorter than 550 nm, more than 50% of the absorption signal is accounted for by dissolved organic matter and phytoplankton, confirming that algorithms incorporating these wavelengths may not be appropriate for these waters. Single band and band ratios at wavelengths greater than 667 nm are tested for their suitability for monitoring SPM concentrations in these waters. A simplified regional semi-analytical model is utilized which is independent of variations in dissolved organic matter and chlorophyll absorption, enabling estimates of SPM concentrations from MODIS water-leaving radiance at 748 nm with an average root mean square (RMS) error of 40%. Knowledge of the vertical distribution of particles enables estimates of total water column suspended loads which are then related to wind re-suspension events. The method is applied to MODIS water-leaving radiance at 748 nm to produce a time series of surface and total water column suspended loads in Lake Erie for the period 2003-2007.