Leite, PBC; Feitosa, RQ; Formaggio, AR; da Costa, GAOP; Pakzad, K; Sanches, ID (2011). Hidden Markov Models for crop recognition in remote sensing image sequences. PATTERN RECOGNITION LETTERS, 32(1), 19-26.
This work proposes a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) based technique to classify agricultural crops. The method uses HMM to relate the varying spectral response along the crop cycle with plant phenology, for different crop classes, and recognizes different agricultural crops by analyzing their spectral profiles over a sequence of images. The method assigns each image segment to the crop class whose corresponding HMM delivers the highest probability of emitting the observed sequence of spectral values. Experimental analysis was conducted upon a set of 12 co-registered and radiometrically corrected LANDSAT images of region in southeast Brazil, of approximately 124.100 ha, acquired between 2002 and 2004. Reference data was provided by visual classification, validated through extensive field work. The HMM-based method achieved 93% average class accuracy in the identification of the correct crop, being, respectively, 10% and 26% superior to multi-date and single-date alternative approaches applied to the same data set. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.