Fraser, AD; Massom, RA; Michael, KJ (2010). Generation of high-resolution East Antarctic landfast sea-ice maps from cloud-free MODIS satellite composite imagery. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 114(12), 2888-2896.
A method to generate high spatio-temporal resolution maps of landfast sea ice from cloud-free MODIS composite imagery is presented. Visible (summertime) and thermal infrared (wintertime) cloud-free 20-day MODIS composite images are used as the basis for these maps, augmented by AMSR-E ASI sea-ice concentration composite images (when MODIS composite image quality is insufficient). The success of this technique is dependent upon efficient cloud removal during the compositing process. Example wintertime maximum (-374,000 km(2)) and summertime minimum (similar to 112,000 km(2)) fast-ice maps for the entire East Antarctic coast are presented. The summertime minimum map provides the first high-resolution indication of multi-year fast-ice extent, which may be used to help assess changes in Antarctic sea-ice volume. The 2 sigma errors in fast-ice extent are estimated to be +/- 2.98% when >= 90% of the fast-ice pixels in a 20-day period are classified using the MODIS composite, or +/-8.76 otherwise (when augmenting AMSR-E or the previous/next MODIS composite image is used to classify >10% of the fast ice). Imperfect composite image quality, caused by persistent cloud, inaccurate cloud masking or a highly dynamic fast-ice edge, was the biggest impediment to automating the fast-ice detection procedure. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.