Wu, CY; Munger, JW; Niu, Z; Kuang, D (2010). Comparison of multiple models for estimating gross primary production using MODIS and eddy covariance data in Harvard Forest. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 114(12), 2925-2939.
Gross primary production (GPP) defined as the overall rate of fixation of carbon through the process of vegetation photosynthesis is important for carbon cycle and climate change research. Three models, the Vegetation Photosynthesis Model (VPM), the Temperature and Greenness (TG) model and the Vegetation Index (VI) model have been compared for the estimation of GPP in Harvard Forest from 2003 to 2006 using climate variables acquired by eddy covariance (EC) measurements and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) satellite images. All these models provide more reliable estimates of GPP than that of MODIS GPP product. High Pearsons correlation coefficients r equal to 0.94, 0.92 and 0.90 are observed for the VPM, the TG and the VI model, respectively. Relationships between GPP and land surface temperature (LST, R-2=0.72), and vapor pressure deficit (VPD, R-2=0.45) indicate that climate variables are important for GPP estimation. Due to proper characterization of temperature, water stress and leaf age by three scalars, VPM best follows the seasonal variations of GPP. By incorporation of the MODIS surface reflectance and LST product, the TG model is the most suitable choice for areas without prior knowledge as it is based entirely on remote sensing observations. Results from the VI model demonstrate the possibility of using a single vegetation index for light use efficiency (LUE) estimation in deciduous forest that is of high spatial heterogeneity. The validation and comparison of models will be helpful in development of future GPP models using combinations of climate variables and/or remote sensing observations. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.