Zeilhofer, P; Sanches, L; Vourlitis, GL; De Andrade, NLR (2012). Seasonal variations in litter production and its relation with MODIS vegetation indices in a semi-deciduous forest of Mato Grosso. REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, 3(1), 1-9.
Litter production is related to canopy processes including the timing and amount of leaf development, reproduction and net primary production. However, quantifying spatial and temporal patterns in litter production is complicated in Amazonian semi-deciduous forests because of high spatial heterogeneity and seasonal variation in rainfall. Here, we use monthly measurements of litter production and Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) composites over a 6-year period to assess whether MODIS can be used to quantify litter production of tropical semi-deciduous forests. Original MODIS NDVI and EVI values were poorly related to the seasonal periodicity in litter production, but after using singular spectrum analysis (SSA) signal extraction techniques, clear relationships between litter production and the NDVI and EVI emerged. These results indicate that MODIS NDVI and EVI data are useful for detecting temporal patterns in litter production for Amazonian semi-deciduous forests if signal extraction analyses such as SSA are conducted.