Ali, SA; Mohammad, JVZ; Ali, M; Ali, M (2011). The north of Iran fire regimes assessment with MODIS fire data: their relationship to PNPI and temperature (2001-2008). DISASTER ADVANCES, 4(3), 43-50.
Fires in vegetation, forests, woodlands and rangelands are a major and continuing threat to human life, health and livelihoods. to economic development and to the environment. From an ecological point of view, fire is one of the important disasters that contribute in deforestation and destroying land cover vegetation in the global and local scales. Remote sensing provides rapid and valuable data for fire management. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) has been designed to include specific characteristics for fire detection. MODIS for forest fire monitoring has high detection accuracy, high radiometric resolution, moderate spatial resolution modes and a high saturation level. Fires occur repeatedly in Iranian forests during the summer time. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports, 0.06 percent of Iron's forests burn every year. This paper provides spatial and temporal analysis of fires occurred in the northern forests of Iran in relation with PNPI and temperature from 2001-2008. Fire season in the northern part of Iran is from May until the end of October. Most of these fires occurred in the eastern regions of the Mazandaran Sea. The fire frequency has a correlation of 0.48 with percent of normal precipitation index (PNPI) values. Also temporal analysis from 2001-2008 shows that most of the fires occurred in June.