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Bao, YF; Chen, SB; Liu, QH; Xiao, Q; Cao, CX (2011). Land surface temperature and emissivity retrieval by integrating MODIS data onboard Terra and Aqua satellites. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 32(5), 1449-1469.

This paper presents an algorithm to retrieve land surface temperature (LST) and emissivity by integrating MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data onboard Terra and Aqua satellites. For a study area, there will be four pairs of day and night observations by MODIS onboard two satellites every day. Solar zenith angle, view zenith angle, and atmospheric water vapour have first been taken as independent variables to analyse their sensitivities to the same infrared channel measurements of MODIS on both Terra and Aqua satellites. Owing to their similar influences on the same MODIS band from Terra and Aqua satellites, four pairs of MODIS data from Terra and Aqua satellites can be thought of as MODIS measurement on a satellite at different viewing angles and viewing time. Comparisons between the retrieved results and in-situ measurements at three test sites (Qinghai Lake, Poyang Lake and Luancheng in China) indicate that the root mean square (rms) error is 0.66 K, except for the sand in Poyang Lake area. The rms error is less than 0.7 K when the retrieved results are compared with Earth Observing System (EOS) MODIS LST data products using the physics-based day/night algorithm. Emissivities retrieved by this algorithm are well compared to EOS MODIS emissivity data products (V5). The proposed algorithm can therefore be regarded as complementary and an extension to the EOS physics-based day/night algorithm.



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