Guanter, L; Frankenberg, C; Dudhia, A; Lewis, PE; Gomez-Dans, J; Kuze, A; Suto, H; Grainger, RG (2012). Retrieval and global assessment of terrestrial chlorophyll fluorescence from GOSAT space measurements. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 121, 236-251.
The recent advent of very high spectral resolution measurements by the Fourier Transform Spectrometer (FTS) on board the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT) platform has made possible the retrieval of sun-induced terrestrial chlorophyll fluorescence (F-s) on a global scale. The basis for this retrieval is the modeling of the in-filling of solar Fraunhofer lines by fluorescence. This contribution to the field of space-based carbon cycle science presents an alternative method for the retrieval of Fs from the Fraunhofer lines resolved by GOSAT-FTS measurements. The method is based on a linear forward model derived by a singular vector decomposition technique, which enables a fast and robust inversion of top-of-atmosphere radiance spectra. Retrievals are performed in two spectral micro-windows (similar to 2-3 nm width) containing several strong Fraunhofer lines. The statistical nature of this approach allows to avoid potential retrieval errors associated with the modeling of the instrument line shape or with a given extraterrestrial solar irradiance data set. The method has been tested on 22 consecutive months of global GOSAT-FTS measurements. The fundamental basis of this F-s retrieval approach and the results from the analysis of the global F-s data set produced with it are described in this work. Among other findings, the data analysis has shown (i) a very good comparison of F-s intensity levels and spatial patterns with the state-of-the-art physically-based F-s retrieval approach described in Frankenberg et al. (2011a), (ii) the overall good agreement between F-s annual and seasonal patterns and other space-based vegetation parameters, (iii) the need for a biome-dependent scaling from F-s to gross primary production, and (iv) the apparent existence of strong directional effects in the F-s emission from forest canopies. These results reinforce the confidence in the feasibility of F-s retrievals with GOSAT-FTS and open several points for future research in this emerging field. (c) 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.