Stroppiana, D; Bordogna, G; Boschetti, M; Carrara, P; Boschetti, L; Brivio, PA (2012). Positive and Negative Information for Assessing and Revising Scores of Burn Evidence. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, 9(3), 363-367.
A straightforward way to map burned areas from remotely sensed imagery is to integrate partial evidence of burn provided by multiple spectral indices (SIs). Our approach relies on fuzzy set theory to generate integrated layers of overall positive evidence (PE) and negative evidence (NE) scores. In order to reduce commission errors, we propose the use of NE for revising the overall PE. Revised layers are input for a region growing algorithm to produce a map of burned areas. Thematic Mapper (TM) images, acquired over the Mediterranean area, were used to derive the SIs and to define the soft constraints (membership functions). The performance of the revision process is tested for a TM image acquired over Portugal: The revision decreases the commission error from 59.5% to 1.3% and increases the overall accuracy from 42.6% up to 91.3%.