Armstrong, EM; Wagner, G; Vazquez-Cuervo, J; Chin, TM (2012). Comparisons of regional satellite sea surface temperature gradients derived from MODIS and AVHRR sensors. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 33(21), 6639-6651.
Regional sea surface temperature (SST) gradients were examined for a 6-year (2003-2008) period using data from the NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on Aqua and the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) on two NOAA satellite platforms. Two regions, one in the California Current System and the other in the Gulf Stream, representing an eastern boundary upwelling region and strong western boundary current, respectively, were chosen to investigate the seasonal variability, statistical differences and similarities, and correlations with respect to the two sets of SST gradients. Results indicated higher gradient magnitudes using MODIS SST in relative comparison to those derived from AVHRR that are attributed to instrument and algorithm differences. These observed differences are important for any studies that employ SST gradients, such as fisheries investigations that have traditionally relied on AVHRR SST gradients only.