Qu, YH; Zhang, YZ; Wang, JD (2012). A dynamic Bayesian network data fusion algorithm for estimating leaf area index using time-series data from in situ measurement to remote sensing observations. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 33(4), 1106-1125.
Leaf area index (LAI) products retrieved from remote sensing observations have been widely used in the fields of ecosphere, atmosphere etc. However, because satellite-observed images are captured instantaneously and sometimes screened by cloud, some current LAI products are inherently discontinuous in time and their accuracy may not meet the needs of users well. To solve these problems, we proposed a dynamic Bayesian network (DBN)-based data fusion algorithm that integrates dynamic crop growth information, a canopy reflectance (CR) model and remote sensing observations from the perspective of Bayesian probability. Using the proposed algorithm, LAI was estimated using data sets from both field measurements for winter wheat in Beijing, China, and MODIS reflectance data at two American flux tower sites. Results showed good agreement between the LAI estimated by the DBN-based data fusion method and the true ground LAI, with a correlation coefficient of (R) 0.95 and 0.96, respectively, and a corresponding root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.35 and 0.49, respectively. In addition, the LAI estimated by the DBN-based data fusion method formed a continuous time series and was consistent with the variety law of vegetation growth at both plot and flux tower site scales. It has been demonstrated that the proposed DBN-based data fusion algorithm has the potential to be used to accurately estimate LAI and to fill the temporal gap by integrating information from multiple sources.