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Taylor, TE; O'Dell, CW; O'Brien, DM; Kikuchi, N; Yokota, T; Nakajima, TY; Ishida, H; Crisp, D; Nakajima, T (2012). Comparison of Cloud-Screening Methods Applied to GOSAT Near-Infrared Spectra. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 50(1), 295-309.

Several existing and proposed satellite remote sensing instruments are designed to derive concentrations of trace gases, such as carbon dioxide (CO(2)) and methane (CH(4)), from measured spectra of reflected sunlight in absorption bands of the gases. Generally, these analyses require that the scenes be free of cloud and aerosol, necessitating robust screening algorithms. In this work, two cloud-screening algorithms are compared. One applies threshold tests, similar to those used by the MODerate resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS), to visible and infrared reflectances measured by the Cloud and Aerosol Imager aboard the Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite (GOSAT). The second is a fast retrieval algorithm that operates on high-resolution spectra in the oxygen A-band measured by the Fourier Transform Spectrometer on GOSAT. Near-simultaneous cloud observations from the MODIS Aqua satellite are used for comparison. Results are expressed in terms of agreement and disagreement in the identification of clear and cloudy scenes for land and non-sun glint viewing over water. The accuracy, defined to be the fraction of scenes that are classified the same, is approximately 80% for both algorithms over land when comparing with MODIS. The accuracy rises to approximately 90% over ocean. Persistent difficulties with identifying cirrus clouds are shown to yield a large fraction of the disagreement with MODIS.



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