Martinez, B; Camacho, F; Verger, A; Garcia-Haro, FJ; Gilabert, MA (2013). Intercomparison and quality assessment of MERIS, MODIS and SEVIRI FAPAR products over the Iberian Peninsula. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATION AND GEOINFORMATION, 21, 463-476.
The fraction of absorbed photosynthetically active radiation (FAPAR) is a key variable in productivity and carbon cycle models. The variety of available FAPAR satellite products from different space agencies leads to the necessity of assessing the existing differences between them before using into models. Discrepancies of four FAPAR products derived from MODIS, SEVIRI and MERIS (TOAVEG and MGVI algorithms), covering the Iberian Peninsula from July 2006 to June 2007 are here analyzed. The assessment is based on an intercomparison involving the spatial and temporal consistency between products and a statistical analysis across land cover types. In general, significant differences are found over the Iberian Peninsula concentrated on the temporal variation and absolute values. The MODIS and MERIS/MGVI FAPAR products clearly show the highest and lowest absolute values, respectively, along with the lowest intra-annual variation. When considering individual land cover types, the largest FAPAR disagreements among the analyzed products were found between MODIS-MERI/MGVI and MERIS/TOAVEG-MERIS/MGVI over broadleaf and needleaf forests, with discrepancies quantified by RMSE higher than 0.30 and absolute bias higher than 0.25. These discrepancies can lead to relative gross primary production differences up to 65%. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.