Sun, L; Hu, XQ; Xu, N; Liu, JJ; Zhang, LJ; Rong, ZG (2013). Postlaunch Calibration of FengYun-3B MERSI Reflective Solar Bands. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 51(3), 1383-1392.
The MEdium Resolution Spectral Imager (MERSI) is the keystone instrument onboard FengYun-3 (FY-3). After FY-3A, FY-3B MERSI is the second launched in November 2010. Nineteen of the 20 MERSI spectral bands are the reflective solar bands, which cannot be absolutely calibrated onboard. The annual vicarious calibration (VC) based on synchronous in situ measurements at the Dunhuang site is the baseline calibration method for MERSI. To assure frequent and stable calibration updates, a multisite calibration tracking method is developed. This paper presents the FY-3B MERSI postlaunch daily calibration updating method based on multisite calibration tracking with the Dunhuang VC correction, the long-term sensor response on-orbit change, and the calibration performance evaluation. A reflectance-based method is used for the Dunhuang VC, and the reflectance calibration uncertainties are within 3% for most MERSI bands. The multisite calibration tracking method relies on simulated radiation over several stable sites without synchronous in situ measurements. A postlaunch daily calibration updating model is established using a linear function of days since launch to describe the long-term trend. The calibration updating model is validated by the Dunhuang VC, showing the relative bias within 3.5% for most bands. It is found that the shortwave channels of MERSI experience large degradation, particularly the 412-nm band with an annual degradation rate of approximately 18%, whereas most red and near-infrared bands are relatively stable. Using the calibration updating model with the Dunhuang VC correction, the recalibrated MERSI data are validated against Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer by near synchronous-nadirobservation analysis, and good agreement is achieved.