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Zhou, T; Huang, JP; Huang, ZW; Liu, JJ; Wang, WC; Lin, L (2013). The depolarization-attenuated backscatter relationship for dust plumes. OPTICS EXPRESS, 21(13), 15195-15204.

This study identified the relationship between the layer-integrated attenuated backscatter coefficient and layer-integrated depolarization ratio of dust plumes and compared it with that of cloud, using CALIPSO LIDAR measurements. The histogram distribution of the integrated color ratio for dust and cloud was also examined. On the basis of the layer-integrated attenuated backscatter coefficient and layer-integrated depolarization ratio relation, a simple method of detecting dust plumes was developed. A case study of dust identification over the Taklimakan Desert was conducted and compared with the current CALIPSO products. The result shows that the proposed method can significantly improve the classification of cloud and dust plumes and can supplement the current space-borne LIDAR discrimination approach, especially over dust source regions. In addition, The zonal and meridional mean occurrence derived by the proposed method and the CALIPSO's method were compared for Asian dust over East Asia region (30 degrees N -45 degrees N, 80 degrees E -180 degrees E) using the night measurements of CALIPSO from March to May, 2007. The comparison showed that the dust occurrence obtained from the proposed method is larger than that of CALIPSO's method. The dust could be found up to around 6-8 km (Above Sea Level, ASL) near the Taklimakan desert region, and maximum occurrence is over 80%. The transport altitude remained at 3km-7km (ASL) as the dust was transported across the Pacific Ocean. (C) 2013 Optical Society of America



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