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You can click on that link to view the associated abstract, as well as other information associated with this journal publication. If a "Full Text Available" link appears after the citation, you may click that link to download a pdf version of the article.

Jiao, Ziti; Hill, Michael J.; Schaaf, Crystal B.; Zhang, Hu; Wang, Zhuosen; Li, Xiaowen (2014). An Anisotropic Flat Index (AFX) to derive BRDF archetypes from MODIS. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 141, 168-187.

Polgar, Caroline A.; Primack, Richard B.; Dukes, Jeffrey S.; Schaaf, Crystal; Wang, Zhuosen; Hoeppner, Susanne S. (2014). Tree leaf out response to temperature: comparing field observations, remote sensing, and a warming experiment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BIOMETEOROLOGY, 58(6), 1251-1257.

Proud, Simon Richard; Zhang, Qingling; Schaaf, Crystal; Fensholt, Rasmus; Rasmussen, Mads Olander; Shisanya, Chris; Mutero, Wycliffe; Mbow, Cheikh; Anyamba, Assaf; Pak, Ed; Sandholt, Inge (2014). The Normalization of Surface Anisotropy Effects Present in SEVIRI Reflectances by Using the MODIS BRDF Method. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 52(10), 6026-6039.

Tang, Hao; Brolly, Matthew; Zhao, Feng; Strahler, Alan H.; Schaaf, Crystal L.; Ganguly, Sangram; Zhang, Gong; Dubayah, Ralph (2014). Deriving and validating Leaf Area Index (LAI) at multiple spatial scales through lidar remote sensing: A case study in Sierra National Forest, CA. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 143, 131-141.

Wang, Zhuosen; Schaaf, Crystal B.; Strahler, Alan H.; Chopping, Mark J.; Roman, Miguel O.; Shuai, Yanmin; Woodcock, Curtis E.; Hollinger, David Y.; Fitzjarrald, David R. (2014). Evaluation of MODIS albedo product (MCD43A) over grassland, agriculture and forest surface types during dormant and snow-covered periods. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 140, 60-77.

Wright, Patrick; Bergin, Mike; Dibb, Jack; Lefer, Barry; Domine, Florent; Carman, Tobey; Carmagnola, Carlo; Dumont, Marie; Courville, Zoe; Schaaf, Crystal; Wang, Zhuosen (2014). Comparing MODIS daily snow albedo to spectral albedo field measurements in Central Greenland. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 140, 118-129.


Grasso, L; Hillger, DW; Schaaf, CB; Wang, ZS; Brummer, R; DeMaria, R (2013). Use of MODIS 16-day albedos in generating GOES-R advanced baseline imager imagery. JOURNAL OF APPLIED REMOTE SENSING, 7, 10.1117/1.JRS.7.073584.

Roman, MO; Gatebe, CK; Shuai, YM; Wang, ZS; Gao, F; Masek, JG; He, T; Liang, SL; Schaaf, CB (2013). Use of In Situ and Airborne Multiangle Data to Assess MODIS- and Landsat-Based Estimates of Directional Reflectance and Albedo. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 51(3), 1393-1404.

Shuai, YM; Schaaf, C; Zhang, XY; Strahler, A; Roy, D; Morisette, J; Wang, ZS; Nightingale, J; Nickeson, J; Richardson, AD; Xie, DH; Wang, JD; Li, XW; Strabala, K; Davies, JE (2013). Daily MODIS 500 m reflectance anisotropy direct broadcast (DB) products for monitoring vegetation phenology dynamics. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 34(16), 5997-6016.

Yang, YK; Marshak, A; Palm, SP; Wang, ZS; Schaaf, C (2013). Assessment of Cloud Screening With Apparent Surface Reflectance in Support of the ICESat-2 Mission. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 51(2), 1037-1045.

Zhang, QL; Schaaf, C; Seto, KC (2013). The Vegetation Adjusted NTL Urban Index: A new approach to reduce saturation and increase variation in nighttime luminosity. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 129, 32-41.


Cescatti, A; Marcolla, B; Vannan, SKS; Pan, JY; Roman, MO; Yang, XY; Ciais, P; Cook, RB; Law, BE; Matteucci, G; Migliavacca, M; Moors, E; Richardson, AD; Seufert, G; Schaaf, CB (2012). Intercomparison of MODIS albedo retrievals and in situ measurements across the global FLUXNET network. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 121, 323-334.

He, LM; Chen, JM; Pisek, J; Schaaf, CB; Strahler, AH (2012). Global clumping index map derived from the MODIS BRDF product. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 119, 118-130.

Wang, ZS; Schaaf, CB; Chopping, MJ; Strahler, AH; Wang, JD; Roman, MO; Rocha, AV; Woodcock, CE; Shuai, YM (2012). Evaluation of Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) snow albedo product (MCD43A) over tundra. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 117, 264-280.


Hill, MJ; Roman, MO; Schaaf, CB; Hutley, L; Brannstrom, C; Etter, A; Hanan, NP (2011). Characterizing vegetation cover in global savannas with an annual foliage clumping index derived from the MODIS BRDF product. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 115(8), 2008-2024.

Roman, MO; Gatebe, CK; Schaaf, CB; Poudyal, R; Wang, ZS; King, MD (2011). Variability in surface BRDF at different spatial scales (30 m-500 m) over a mixed agricultural landscape as retrieved from airborne and satellite spectral measurements. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 115(9), 2184-2203.

Schaaf, CB; Wang, ZS; Strahler, AH (2011). Commentary on Wang and Zender-MODIS snow albedo bias at high solar zenith angles relative to theory and to in situ observations in Greenland. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 115(5), 1296-1300.

Shuai, YM; Masek, JG; Gao, F; Schaaf, CB (2011). An algorithm for the retrieval of 30-m snow-free albedo from Landsat surface reflectance and MODIS BRDF. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 115(9), 2204-2216.

Wang, ZS; Schaaf, CB; Lewis, P; Knyazikhin, Y; Schull, MA; Strahler, AH; Yao, T; Myneni, RB; Chopping, MJ; Blair, BJ (2011). Retrieval of canopy height using moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 115(6), 1595-1601.


Ju, JC, Roy, DP, Shuai, YM, Schaaf, C (2010). Development of an approach for generation of temporally complete daily nadir MODIS reflectance time series. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 114(1), 1-20.

Roman, MO, Schaaf, CB, Lewis, P, Gao, F, Anderson, GP, Privette, JL, Strahler, AH, Woodcock, CE, Barnsley, M (2010). Assessing the coupling between surface albedo derived from MODIS and the fraction of diffuse skylight over spatially-characterized landscapes. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 114(4), 738-760.

Wang, KC, Liang, S, Schaaf, CL, Strahler, AH (2010). Evaluation of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer land surface visible and shortwave albedo products at FLUXNET sites. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 115, D17107.

Wang, YJ, Lyapustin, AI, Privette, JL, Cook, RB, SanthanaVannan, SK, Vermote, EF, Schaaf, CL (2010). Assessment of biases in MODIS surface reflectance due to Lambertian approximation. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 114(11), 2791-2801.


Hall, DK, Nghiem, SV, Schaaf, CB, DiGirolamo, NE, Neumann, G (2009). Evaluation of surface and near-surface melt characteristics on the Greenland ice sheet using MODIS and QuikSCAT data. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-EARTH SURFACE, 114, F04006.

Liu, JC, Schaaf, C, Strahler, A, Jiao, ZT, Shuai, YM, Zhang, QL, Roman, M, Augustine, JA, Dutton, EG (2009). Validation of Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) albedo retrieval algorithm: Dependence of albedo on solar zenith angle. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 114, D01106.

Rutan, D, Rose, F, Roman, M, Manalo-Smith, N, Schaaf, C, Charlock, T (2009). Development and assessment of broadband surface albedo from Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System Clouds and Radiation Swath data product. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 114, D08125.

Zhang, X, Friedl, M, Schaaf, C (2009). Sensitivity of vegetation phenology detection to the temporal resolution of satellite data. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 30(8), 2061-2074.


Coddington, O, Schmidt, KS, Pilewskie, P, Gore, WJ, Bergstrom, RW, Roman, M, Redemann, J, Russell, PB, Liu, JC, Schaaf, CC (2008). Aircraft measurements of spectral surface albedo and its consistency with ground-based and space-borne observations. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 113(D17), D17209.

Dickinson, RE, Zhou, LM, Tian, YH, Liu, Q, Lavergne, T, Pinty, B, Schaaf, CB, Knyazikhin, Y (2008). A three-dimensional analytic model for the scattering of a spherical bush. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 113(D20), D20113.

Knobelspiesse, KD, Cairns, B, Schmid, B, Roman, MO, Schaaf, CB (2008). Surface BRDF estimation from an aircraft compared to MODIS and ground estimates at the Southern Great Plains site. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 113(D20), D20105.

Moody, EG, King, MD, Schaaf, CB, Platnick, S (2008). MODIS-Derived Spatially Complete Surface Albedo Products: Spatial and Temporal Pixel Distribution and Zonal Averages. JOURNAL OF APPLIED METEOROLOGY AND CLIMATOLOGY, 47(11), 2879-2894.

Roy, DP, Ju, J, Lewis, P, Schaaf, C, Gao, F, Hansen, M, Lindquist, E (2008). "Multi-temporal MODIS-Landsat data fusion for relative radiometric normalization, gap filling, and prediction of Landsat data". REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 112(6), 3112-3130.

Shuai, YM, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Liu, JC, Jiao, ZT (2008). Quality assessment of BRDF/albedo retrievals in MODIS operational system. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 35(5), L05407.

Stone, RS, Anderson, GP, Shettle, EP, Andrews, E, Loukachine, K, Dutton, EG, Schaaf, C, Roman, MO (2008). Radiative impact of boreal smoke in the Arctic: Observed and modeled. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 113(D14), D14S16.


Fang, HL, Liang, SL, Kim, HY, Townshend, JR, Schaaf, CL, Strahler, AH, Dickinson, RE (2007). Developing a spatially continuous 1 km surface albedo data set over North America from Terra MODIS products. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 112(D20), D20206.

Moody, EG, King, MD, Schaaf, CB, Hall, DK, Platnick, S (2007). Northern Hemisphere five-year average (2000-2004) spectral albedos of surfaces in the presence of snow: Statistics computed from Terra MODIS land products. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 111(3-Feb), 337-345.


Roy, DP, Lewis, P, Schaaf, CB, Devadiga, S, Boschetti, L (2006). The global impact of clouds on the production of MODIS bidirectional reflectance model-based composites for terrestrial monitoring. IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS, 3(4), 452-456.

Salomon, JG, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Gao, F, Jin, YF (2006). Validation of the MODIS Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function and Albedo retrievals using combined observations from the Aqua and Terra platforms. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 44(6), 1555-1565.

Tsvetsinskaya, EA, Schaaf, CB, Gao, F, Strahler, AH, Dickinson, RE (2006). Spatial and temporal variability in Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer-derived surface albedo over global arid regions. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 111(D20), D20106.

Zhang, XY, Friedl, MA, Schaaf, CB (2006). Global vegetation phenology from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS): Evaluation of global patterns and comparison with in situ measurements. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES, 111(G4), G04017.


Gao, F, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Roesch, A, Lucht, W, Dickinson, R (2005). MODIS bidirectional reflectance distribution function and albedo Climate Modeling Grid products and the variability of albedo for major global vegetation types. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 110(D1), D01104.

Liang, XZ, Xu, M, Gao, W, Kunkel, K, Slusser, J, Dai, YJ, Min, QL, Houser, PR, Rodell, M, Schaaf, CB, Gao, F (2005). Development of land surface albedo parameterization based on Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 110(D11), D11107.

Moody, EG, King, MD, Platnick, S, Schaaf, CB, Gao, F (2005). Spatially complete global spectral surface albedos: Value-added datasets derived from terra MODIS land products. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 43(1), 144-158.

Myhre, G, Kvalevag, MM, Schaaf, CB (2005). Radiative forcing due to anthropogenic vegetation change based on MODIS surface albedo data. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 32(21), L21410.

Stroeve, J, Box, JE, Gao, F, Liang, SL, Nolin, A, Schaaf, C (2005). Accuracy assessment of the MODIS 16-day albedo product for snow: comparisons with Greenland in situ measurements. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 94(1), 46-60.

Wang, Z, Barlage, M, Zeng, XB, Dickinson, RE, Schaaf, CB (2005). The solar zenith angle dependence of desert albedo. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 32(5), L05403.

Zhang, XY, Friedl, MA, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Liu, Z (2005). Monitoring the response of vegetation phenology to precipitation in Africa by coupling MODIS and TRMM instruments. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 110(D12), D12103.


Roesch, A, Schaaf, C, Gao, F (2004). Use of Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer bidirectional reflectance distribution function products to enhance simulated surface albedos. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 109(D12), D12105.

Tian, Y, Dickinson, RE, Zhou, L, Myneni, RB, Friedl, M, Schaaf, CB, Carroll, M, Gao, F (2004). Land boundary conditions from MODIS data and consequences for the albedo of a climate model. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 31(5), L05504.

Wang, Z, Zeng, X, Barlage, M, Dickinson, RE, Gao, F, Schaaf, CB (2004). Using MODIS BRDF and albedo data to evaluate global model land surface albedo. JOURNAL OF HYDROMETEOROLOGY, 5(1), 3-14.

Zhang, XY, Friedl, MA, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH (2004). Climate controls on vegetation phenological patterns in northern mid- and high latitudes inferred from MODIS data. GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY, 10(7), 1133-1145.

Zhang, XY, Friedl, MA, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Schneider, A (2004). The footprint of urban climates on vegetation phenology. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 31(12), L12209.


Gao, F, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Jin, Y, Li, X (2003). Detecting vegetation structure using a kernel-based BRDF model. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 86(2), 198-205.

Jin, YF, Schaaf, CB, Gao, F, Li, XW, Strahler, AH, Lucht, W, Liang, SL (2003). Consistency of MODIS surface bidirectional reflectance distribution function and albedo retrievals: 1. Algorithm performance. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 108(D5), 4158.

Jin, YF, Schaaf, CB, Woodcock, CE, Gao, F, Li, XW, Strahler, AH, Lucht, W, Liang, SL (2003). Consistency of MODIS surface bidirectional reflectance distribution function and albedo retrievals: 2. Validation. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 108(D5), 4159.

Oleson, KW, Bonan, GB, Schaaf, C, Gao, F, Jin, YF, Strahler, A (2003). Assessment of global climate model land surface albedo using MODIS data. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 30(8), 1443.

Zhang, XY, Friedl, MA, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Hodges, JCF, Gao, F, Reed, BC, Huete, A (2003). Monitoring vegetation phenology using MODIS. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 84(3), 471-475.

Zhou, L, Dickinson, RE, Tian, Y, Zeng, X, Dai, Y, Yang, ZL, Schaaf, CB, Gao, F, Jin, Y, Strahler, A, Myneni, RB, Yu, H, Wu, W, Shaikh, M (2003). Comparison of seasonal and spatial variations of albedos from Moderate-Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Common Land Model. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 108(D15), 4488.


Friedl, MA, McIver, DK, Hodges, JCF, Zhang, XY, Muchoney, D, Strahler, AH, Woodcock, CE, Gopal, S, Schneider, A, Cooper, A, Baccini, A, Gao, F, Schaaf, C (2002). Global land cover mapping from MODIS: algorithms and early results. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 83(2-Jan), 287-302.

Gao, F, Jin, YF, Li, XW, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH (2002). Bidirectional NDVI and atmospherically resistant BRDF inversion for vegetation canopy. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 40(6), 1269-1278.

Jin, YF, Gao, F, Schaaf, CB, Li, XW, Strahler, AH, Bruegge, CJ, Martonchik, JV (2002). Improving MODIS surface BRDF/Albedo retrieval with MISR multiangle observations. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 40(7), 1593-1604.

Jin, YF, Schaaf, CB, Gao, F, Li, XW, Strahler, AH, Zeng, XB (2002). How does snow impact the albedo of vegetated land surfaces as analyzed with MODIS data?. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 29(10), 1374.

Li, XW, Gao, F, Wang, JD, Yang, H, Strahler, A, Schaaf, C (2002). Bi-directional normalized difference vegetation index: concept and application. PROGRESS IN NATURAL SCIENCE, 12(2), 115-119.

Liang, SL, Fang, HL, Chen, MZ, Shuey, CJ, Walthall, C, Daughtry, C, Morisette, J, Schaaf, C, Strahler, A (2002). Validating MODIS land surface reflectance and albedo products: methods and preliminary results. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 83(2-Jan), 149-162.

Schaaf, CB, Gao, F, Strahler, AH, Lucht, W, Li, XW, Tsang, T, Strugnell, NC, Zhang, XY, Jin, YF, Muller, JP, Lewis, P, Barnsley, M, Hobson, P, Disney, M, Roberts, G, Dunderdale, M, Doll, C, d'Entremont, RP, Hu, BX, Liang, SL, Privette, JL, Roy, D (2002). "First operational BRDF, albedo nadir reflectance products from MODIS". REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 83(2-Jan), 135-148.

Tsvetsinskaya, EA, Schaaf, CB, Gao, F, Strahler, AH, Dickinson, RE, Zeng, X, Lucht, W (2002). Relating MODIS-derived surface albedo to soils and rock types over Northern Africa and the Arabian peninsula. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, 29(15), 1353.


Gao, F, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH, Lucht, W (2001). Using a multikernel least-variance approach to retrieve and evaluate albedo from limited bidirectional measurements. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 76(1), 57-66.


Hu, BX, Lucht, W, Strahler, AH, Schaaf, CB, Smith, M (2000). Surface albedos and angle-corrected NDVI from AVHRR observations of South America. REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT, 71(2), 119-132.

Lucht, W, Schaaf, CB, Strahler, AH (2000). An algorithm for the retrieval of albedo from space using semiempirical BRDF models. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, 38(2), 977-998.


d'Entremont, RP, Schaaf, CB, Lucht, W, Strahler, AH (1999). Retrieval of red spectral albedo and bidirectional reflectance using AVHRR HRPT and GOES satellite observations of the New England region. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 104(D6), 6229-6239.


Wanner, W, Strahler, AH, Hu, B, Lewis, P, Muller, JP, Li, X, Schaaf, CLB, Barnsley, MJ (1997). Global retrieval of bidirectional reflectance and albedo over land from EOS MODIS and MISR data: Theory and algorithm. JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-ATMOSPHERES, 102(D14), 17143-17161.

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