July 12, 2014 - Typhoon Neoguri (08W) in the Pacific Ocean

On July 6, 2014 the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard NASA’s Terra satellite captured a stunning true-color image of Typhoon Neoguri on the brink of reaching super typhoon status.

At the time this image was captured, the storm had a large, partially cloud-filled eye and the very tight apostrophe shape which is typical of a strong or intensifying storm. Outer edges of the rain bands in the southwest quadrant stretched over the Philippines.

At 0900 UTC (5:00 a.m. EDT) on July 6, almost 7 hours after this image was captured, Neoguri was located near 18.5 north latitude and 131.4 east longitude, or about 760 mi (1,224 km) southeast of Kadena Air Base, Okinawa Japan. The maximum sustained winds were measured at about 138 mph (222 km/h), making it a Category 4 storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.

By July 7 at 1500 UTC (11 a.m. EDT), Neoguri had grown into a super typhoon with maximum sustained winds near 149.6 mph (240.8 km/h). Fortunately, the storm was battling significant wind shear, and by July 8 it weakened substantially before striking Okinawa at typhoon strength. Wind gusts of up to 101 mph (162.5 km/h) were reported, along with at least 17 inches (43 cm) of rain in 24 hours in Nago, Okinawa.

By July 8, Neoguri had been reduced to tropical storm status, but was heading towards the Japanese mainland. According to the Japanese Meteorological Agency, Neoguri made landfall near the city of Akune in Kagoshima Prefecture on the west coast of Kyushu just before 7:00 a.m. local time on July 10 (6:00 p.m. EDT July 9). Maximum 1 minute sustained winds were estimated at 65-70 mph (104-113 km/h).

The Joint Typhoon Warning Center issued its final bulletin on Tropical Storm Neoguri on July 10 at 15:00 UTC (11:00 a.m. EDT). At that time Neoguri's maximum sustained winds were near 46 mph(74 km/h). It was centered near 33.6 north latitude and 136.4 east longitude, about 131 nautical miles southwest of Camp Fuji, Japan). The storm was becoming an extra-tropical storm at the time, and completed the transition on July 11.

Image Facts
Satellite: Terra
Date Acquired: 7/6/2014
Resolutions: 1km ( B), 500m ( B), 250m ( B)
Bands Used: 1,4,3
Image Credit: Jeff Schmaltz, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA GSFC