Baugh, WM, Groeneveld, DP (2006). Broadband vegetation index performance evaluated for a low-cover environment. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REMOTE SENSING, 27(21), 4715-4730.

Fourteen vegetation indices (VIs) were quantitatively evaluated using a Landsat TM dataset spanning 17 years over the San Luis Valley, Colorado, USA to find the best VI for use in sparsely vegetated arid regions. The VIs were compared to the known linear promotional effect of antecedent precipitation in an area of stable water tables. The r(2) value of the linear regression for these indices was used to determine performance. The following published VIs were evaluated: ARVI, DVI, EVI, IPVI, MSAVI, MSAVI(2), NDVI, NDVI*, PVI, RVI, SAVI, TSAVI, WDVI, and a new index introduced in this paper, NDVIoffset. NDVI* and NDVIoffset performed best of all the tested VIs, both with r(2) = 50.77. Standard NDVI was a relatively poor performer (r(2) = 50.37). The high performance of NDVIoffset is promising for use in regions or multi-temporal sequences that lack saturated NDVI pixels.