Yang, L; Song, JL; Han, LJ; Wang, X; Wang, J (2020). Reconstruction of High-Temporal- and High-Spatial-Resolution Reflectance Datasets Using Difference Construction and Bayesian Unmixing. REMOTE SENSING, 12(23), 3952.

High-temporal- and high-spatial-resolution reflectance datasets play a vital role in monitoring dynamic changes at the Earth's land surface. So far, many sensors have been designed with a trade-off between swath width and pixel size; thus, it is difficult to obtain reflectance data with both high spatial resolution and frequent coverage from a single sensor. In this study, we propose a new Reflectance Bayesian Spatiotemporal Fusion Model (Ref-BSFM) using Landsat and MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) surface reflectance, which is then used to construct reflectance datasets with high spatiotemporal resolution and a long time series. By comparing this model with other popular reconstruction methods (the Flexible Spatiotemporal Data Fusion Model, the Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Reflectance Fusion Model, and the Enhanced Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Reflectance Fusion Model), we demonstrate that our approach has the following advantages: (1) higher prediction accuracy, (2) effective treatment of cloud coverage, (3) insensitivity to the time span of data acquisition, (4) capture of temporal change information, and (5) higher retention of spatial details and inconspicuous MODIS patches. Reflectance time-series datasets generated by Ref-BSFM can be used to calculate a variety of remote-sensing-based vegetation indices, providing an important data source for land surface dynamic monitoring.