Chi, YF; Wu, ZF; Liao, K; Ren, Y (2020). Handling Missing Data in Large-Scale MODIS AOD Products Using a Two-Step Model. REMOTE SENSING, 12(22), 3786.

Aerosol optical depth (AOD) is a key parameter that reflects the characteristics of aerosols, and is of great help in predicting the concentration of pollutants in the atmosphere. At present, remote sensing inversion has become an important method for obtaining the AOD on a large scale. However, AOD data acquired by satellites are often missing, and this has gradually become a popular topic. In recent years, a large number of AOD recovery algorithms have been proposed. Many AOD recovery methods are not application-oriented. These methods focus mainly on to the accuracy of AOD recovery and neglect the AOD recovery ratio. As a result, the AOD recovery accuracy and recovery ratio cannot be balanced. To solve these problems, a two-step model (TWS) that combines multisource AOD data and AOD spatiotemporal relationships is proposed. We used the light gradient boosting (LightGBM) model under the framework of the gradient boosting machine (GBM) to fit the multisource AOD data to fill in the missing AOD between data sources. Spatial interpolation and spatiotemporal interpolation methods are limited by buffer factors. We recovered the missing AOD in a moving window. We used TWS to recover AOD from Terra Satellite's 2018 AOD product (MOD AOD). The results show that the MOD AOD, after a 3 x 3 moving window TWS recovery, was closely related to the AOD of the Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) (R = 0.87, RMSE = 0.23). In addition, the MOD AOD missing rate after a 3 x 3 window TWS recovery was greatly reduced (from 0.88 to 0.1). In addition, the spatial distribution characteristics of the monthly and annual averages of the recovered MOD AOD were consistent with the original MOD AOD. The results show that TWS is reliable. This study provides a new method for the restoration of MOD AOD, and is of great significance for studying the spatial distribution of atmospheric pollutants.