Santana, NC; de Carvalho, OAD; Gomes, RAT; Guimaraes, RF (2020). Comparison of Post-fire Patterns in Brazilian Savanna and Tropical Forest from Remote Sensing Time Series. ISPRS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-INFORMATION, 9(11), 659.

Monitoring of fire-related changes is essential to understand vegetation dynamics in the medium and long term. Remote sensing time series allows estimating biophysical variables of terrestrial vegetation and interference by extreme fires. This research evaluated fire recurrence in the Amazon and Cerrado regions, using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) albedo time series, enhanced vegetation index (EVI), gross primary productivity (GPP), and surface temperature. The annual aggregated time series (AAT) method recognized each pixel's slope trend in the 2001-2016 period and its statistical significance. A comparison of time trends of EVI, GPP, and surface temperature with total fire recurrence indicates that time trends in vegetation are highly affected by high fire recurrence scenarios (R-2 between 0.52 and 0.90). The fire recurrence and the albedo's persistent changes do not have a consistent relationship. Areas with the biggest evaluated changes may increase up to 0.25 Kelvin/Year at surface temperature and decrease up to -0.012 EVI/year in vegetation index. Although savannas are resistant to low severity fires, fire regime and forest structure changes tend to make vegetation more vulnerable to wildfires, reducing their regeneration capacity. In the Amazon area, protection of forests in conservation units and indigenous lands helped in the low occurrence of fires in these sensitive areas, resulting in positive vegetation index trends.